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Principles of Use of Military Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) or Strike-Enabling Technologies to be Used on UASs - BPC

Note Input Responsibility: 
Note Usage: 

Mandatory for BPC LOAs that include military UASs or Strike-Enabling Technologies to be used on UASs.

Strike-enabling technologies are defined as equipment and/or components that, when installed on a UAS, regardless of the range or payload capability of the UAS, enable the deployment of munitions from the UAS or another platform (examples involve bomb release racks and missile rails designed to carry munitions on a UAS and laser target designators). Strike-enabling technologies do not include technologies that allow the UAS to measure distance, determine navigational information, or otherwise gather information (examples of technologies not included in the definition of strike-enabling technologies are synthetic aperture radars, low-light level sensors and cameras, infrared sensors, or laser range-finders). This note is not intended for use on cases involving strike-enabling technologies for use other than on UASs.

Mandatory for Amendments that add military UASs or strike-enabling technologies to be used on UASs

It is the responsibility of the Implementing Agency to identify in the line description note that the UAS in question is a military UAS, one controlled under the ITAR whether armed or unarmed, and whether a strike-enabling technology is intended for use on a UAS of any type.

Note Text : 

"In addition to the assurances provided in the 505 Agreement, which apply to this transfer, the recipient must provide written agreement to the following principles before transfer to the recipient country:

  1. not to modify U.S.-origin Unmanned Aerial Systems (UASs) with U.S.- or foreign-origin strike-enabling technologies without USG permission and to obtain prior USG consent for the integration and/or use of U.S.-origin strike-enabling technologies on non-U.S.-origin UASs;

  2. to use these systems in accordance with international law, including international humanitarian law and international human rights law, as applicable;

  3. to use armed UASs and strike-enabling technologies in operations involving the use of force only when there is a lawful basis for use of force under international law, such as self-defense;

  4. not to use UASs to conduct unlawful surveillance or use unlawful force against its domestic population; and

  5. as appropriate, to provide UAS operators technical and doctrinal training on the use of these systems to reduce the risk of unintended injury or damage."